Muhammad: The Banned Images

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It is the first part of the trilogy film series on Muhammad by Majid Majidi. While Sunni Muslims have always explicitly prohibited the depiction of Muhammad on film, [51] contemporary Shi'a scholars have taken a more relaxed attitude, stating that it is permissible to depict Muhammad, even in television or movies, if done with respect. Western representations of Muhammad were very rare until the explosion of images following the invention of the printing press ; he is shown in a few medieval images, normally in an unflattering manner, often influenced by his brief mention in Dante's Divine Comedy.

Muhammad sometimes figures in Western depictions of groups of influential people in world history.

Charlie Hebdo’s most famous cartoons, translated and explained

Such depictions tend to be favourable or neutral in intent; one example can be found at the United States Supreme Court building in Washington, D. Created in , the frieze includes major historical lawgivers, and places Muhammad alongside Hammurabi , Moses , Confucius , and others. In , a controversy erupted surrounding the frieze, and tourist materials have since been edited to describe the depiction as "a well-intentioned attempt by the sculptor to honor Muhammad" that "bears no resemblance to Muhammad.

Depictions of Muhammad - Wikipedia

In , a statue of Muhammad was removed from a courthouse in New York City after the ambassadors of Indonesia , Pakistan, and Egypt requested its removal. Islamic art has almost always avoided large sculptures of any subject, especially free-standing ones; only a few animals are known, mostly fountain-heads, like those in the Lion Court of the Alhambra ; the Pisa Griffin is perhaps the largest. The court rejected CAIR's request. This scene was sometimes shown in illustrations of the Divina Commedia before modern times. Muhammad, seated on the left, possibly reading from the Quran, as depicted in the Nuremberg Chronicle [59].

Early Renaissance fresco illustrating Dante 's Inferno. Muhammad is depicted being dragged down to Hell.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Muhammed and the Monk Sergius Bahira. This engraving by the Dutch artist Lucas van Leyden shows a legend that circulated in Europe. Illustration from La vie de Mahomet, by M. Prideaux, published in It shows Muhammad holding a sword and a crescent while trampling on a globe, a cross, and the Ten Commandments. An engraving of Muhammad in The Life of Mahomet William Blake , Muhammad pulling his chest open in an illustration to Dante 's Inferno Mohammed suffering punishment in Hell. Muhammad as depicted by sculptor Adolph Weinman on the U.

The start of the 21st century has been marked by controversies over depictions of Muhammad, not only for recent caricatures or cartoons, but also regarding the display of historical artwork. In the subsequent weeks, the magazine received protests, petitions and threats against publishing the picture of Muhammad.

Nadeem Elyas, leader of the Central Council of Muslims in Germany said that the picture should not be printed again in order to avoid hurting the feelings of Muslims intentionally. Elyas recommended to whiten the face of Muhammad instead. In June , the Spiegel with consideration of Islamic laws published a picture of Muhammed with a whitened face on its title page. In , Italian police reported that they had disrupted a terrorist plot to destroy a church in Bologna , which contains a 15th-century fresco depicting an image of Muhammad see above.

Yale Press Bans Images of Muhammad in New Book

Examples of depictions of Muhammad being altered include a mural at the University of Utah having the name of Muhammad removed from beneath the painting in at the request of Muslim students. In , Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten published a set of editorial cartoons , many of which depicted Muhammad. In late and early , Danish Muslim organizations ignited a controversy through public protests and by spreading knowledge of the publication of the cartoons.

In , when her involvement was revealed to the public, she had to resign. In , the controversial American animated television comedy program South Park , which had previously depicted Muhammad as a superhero character in the July 4, episode " Super Best Friends " [68] and has depicted Muhammad in the opening sequence since that episode, [69] attempted to satirize the Danish newspaper incident.

However, Comedy Central , who airs South Park , rejected the scene, citing concerns of violent protests in the Islamic world. Bush and Jesus defecate on the flag of the United States. The Lars Vilks Muhammad drawings controversy began in July with a series of drawings by Swedish artist Lars Vilks which depicted Muhammad as a roundabout dog. Several art galleries in Sweden declined to show the drawings, citing security concerns and fear of violence. While several other leading Swedish newspapers had published the drawings already, this particular publication led to protests from Muslims in Sweden as well as official condemnations from several foreign governments including Iran , [71] Pakistan , [72] Afghanistan , [73] Egypt [74] and Jordan , [75] as well as by the inter-governmental Organisation of the Islamic Conference OIC.

Another controversy emerged in September when Bangladeshi cartoonist Arifur Rahman was detained on suspicion of showing disrespect to Muhammad. The interim government confiscated copies of the Bengali -language Prothom Alo in which the drawings appeared.

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The cartoon consisted of a boy holding a cat conversing with an elderly man. The man asks the boy his name, and he replies "Babu". The older man chides him for not mentioning the name of Muhammad before his name. He then points to the cat and asks the boy what it is called, and the boy replies "Muhammad the cat". The cartoon caused a firestorm in Bangladesh, with militant Islamists demanding that Rahman be executed for blasphemy.

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A group of people torched copies of the paper and several Islamic groups protested, saying the drawings ridiculed Mohammad and his companions. They demanded "exemplary punishment" for the paper's editor and the cartoonist. Bangladesh does not have a blasphemy law , although one had been demanded by the same extremist Islamic groups.


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In September , the newspaper published a series of satirical cartoons of Muhammad, some of which feature nude caricatures of him. In January , Charlie Hebdo announced that they would make a comic book on the life of Muhammad. In , several Muslims protested against the inclusion of Muhammad's depictions in the English Wikipedia 's Muhammad article. Wikipedia considered but rejected a compromise that would allow visitors to choose whether to view the page with images.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art in January confirmed to the New York Post that it had quietly removed all historic paintings which contained depictions of Muhammad from public exhibition. The Museum quoted objections on the part of conservative Muslims which were "under review. Everybody Draw Mohammed Day was a protest against those who threatened violence against artists who drew representations of Muhammad. It began as a protest against the action of Comedy Central in forbidding the broadcast of the South Park episode " " in response to death threats against some of those responsible for the segment.

Observance of the day began with a drawing posted on the Internet on April 20, , accompanied by text suggesting that "everybody" create a drawing representing Muhammad, on May 20, , as a protest against efforts to limit freedom of speech. A May 3, , event held in Garland, Texas, held by American activists Pamela Geller and Robert Spencer , was the scene of a shooting by two individuals who were later themselves shot and killed outside the event.

One of the gunmen was identified as a former terror suspect, known to the FBI. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Muhammad Life. Jews Christians. Durood Naat Mawlid. Mosque of the prophet Possessions Relics. Main article: Aniconism in Islam. Main articles: Shama'il Muhammadiyah and Hilya. Hilye inscribed on the petals of a pink rose symbolising Muhammad 18th century. Late 18th- or early 19th-century calligraphic panel by Mustafa Rakim. Muhammad at Mount Hira.

Muhammad at the Battle of Badr.

Muhammad removes a dragon from the Kaaba. Main articles: List of films about Muhammad and Depictions of Muhammad in film. Further information: Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy. See also: Charlie Hebdo shooting. The word balloon reads " lashes if you don't die of laughter!

Cover of 14 January in the same style as the 3 November cover, with the phrase Je Suis Charlie and the title "All is forgiven. Main article: Everybody Draw Mohammed Day. Main article: Curtis Culwell Center attack. Arnold June The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs, Vol. Islamic Arts. London: Phaidon. Esposito - p.